Friday, July 12, 2013

Acne Season

What is Acne?

Many people have / had acne problem at some point in their life. Acne is not dangerous, however, can be frustrating when it appears on your face. Acne is a pilosebaceous unit (PU) inflammation in skin. PU consists of hair follicle and several sebaceous glands. Sebaceous glands produce oil (sebum) to protect and keep moisture on your skin and hair. Sebum does not immediately flow onto skin surface. It is firstly released from sebaceous gland into hair follicle.

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Overproduction of sebum in hair follicle causes acne. Sebum accumulation mixed with keratinocyte growth (keratinocyte is a type of skin cells that produces keratin) clogs hair follicle and becomes a suitable habitat for Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacteria to grow. P. acne produces enzymes that cause inflammation. 

Acne - causing factors please read the following URL Link: 
http://www.acneless.blogspot.com/2013/07/acne-causing-factors.html

Acne effects on skin are hyperpigmentation (dark spots) and scar tissue (deep hollow skin mark with jagged edges) 

Depression and lack of self confidence are common psychological impact of acne.

Acne care consists of reducing the activities of keratinocytes and sebaceous glands,  killing P. acne, and alleviate inflammation. The purpose of acne care is to minimize acne marks, skin remain free of acne for as long as possible, and to avoid unwanted negative side effects such as organ malfunction, etc due to acne medication.

Cleaning or scrubbing skin too frequently is ineffective to combat acne because acne arise from inside your body. Excessive cleaning or scrubbing may cause irritation and inflammation of hair follicle. Cleaning your skin twice or three times a day is enough to remove dirt, excessive oil, dead skin cells, and prevent infection. Special soap for acne that contains ingredients such as salicylic acid to alleviate inflammation is good for skin cleansing.


Avoid bursting acne because it can worsen inflammation, spread P. acne infection to other area of your skin, and leave visible acne marks when acne has vanished. Bursting acne with dirty fingers may lead to infection by other kinds of germs.

Over the counter (OTC) medication usually sufficient to treat mild acne. For example, skin ointment that contains salicylic acid, sulfur, benzoyl peroxide, resorcinol, or tea tree oil. However, these products may leave your skin dry and irritated.

Antibiotics to kill P. acne (e.g. clindamycin and tetracycline) requires doctor's prescription. Unfortunately, antibiotics may cause allergy and / or resistance when improperly applied.

Other pharmaceutical care (e.g. alpha hydroxyl acid or retinoic acid) prevents comedone by removing dead skin cells. This acne care method increases skin sensitivity to sunlight. Isotretinoin like Accutane is applied on severe acne that has not responded to other forms of acne treatments. Isotretinoin side effects include mental disturbance, liver malfunction, dry skin, increase sunlight sensitivity, and birth defects when the mother used isotretinoin during pregnancy.

Modern Solution
A safer solution, free of side effects, painless, and non-invasive is Low Level Light Therapy (3LT) that consists of Blue Light and HeNe laser. Blue light kills P. acne by destroying porphyrin, a molecule produced by P. acne. The destroyed porphyrin releases free radicals that kill P. acne. HeNe laser functions to reduce inflammation and ease blood flow to the affected area. 

Additional Treatment
Colon Hydrotherapy (Colon Cleansing) cleans your colon through anus using warm sterile water to remove gas, slime, and fecal matter that have accumulated in your colon. Excess fecal matter is a source of toxins that can be reabsorbed into your body and worsen acne problem. Thus, colon hydrotherapy reduces toxins in your body for a healthier lifestyle. 

For more information please contact:

Mitra Laboratory Clinic

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www.mitralab.com (ENGLISH)
www.mitralab.com/home_indo.html (bahasa Indonesia)

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